Uganda Nation Park
Uganda, sometimes referred to as the “Pearl of Africa or gifted by nature”, has ten national parks which display the best of East Africa. Accompanied with the Rift Valley landscapes and tropical forests they make dramatic backdrops to an extensive variety of flora and fauna. Uganda’s national parks offer quite different experiences: Viewing of Mountain Gorillas in Bwindi, Chimp trekking in Kibale, Nile’s Murchison falls where the mighty river Nile bangs through a narrow gorge flowing down to be converted into a placid river.
Uganda’s national parks include: Bwindi impenetrable National park, Murchison falls national park, Queen Elizabeth national park, Kibale National park, Lake Mburo national park, Mountain Rwenzori National park, Mgahinga gorilla national park, Kidepo Valley Park, Semliki National Park and Mount Elgon National Park.
Bwindi impenetrable National park, is positioned in the in the southwestern part of Uganda on the edge of the western rift valley some times referred to as the albertine rift. The park protects a higher degree of half of the remaining mountain gorillas in the world. It is very famous for mountain Gorilla trekking. The forest is also a birdwatcher’s paradise- with about 350 species.
Murchison falls national park: The largest national park in Uganda. The park was named after the Murchison falls where the mighty river Nile bangs through a narrow gorge flowing down to be converted into a placid river. The banks are crowded with hippos, water bucks, crocodiles, and buffaloes. The flora and Fauna at Murchison is characterized by savannah, riverine forest and wood land. The park is well endowed with, elephants, lions, leopard, giraffes, buffaloes, hartebeests, oribis, Uganda kobs, chimpanzees, and many bird species including the rare shoebill.
Queen Elizabeth national park is well endowed with its diverse ecosystems, which include sprawling savanna, humid forests, sparkling lakes and fertile wetlands. This provides an ideal habitat for classic big game species in the park. About 95 mammal species have been recorded in the park and approximately 610 species of birds.Rwenzori Mountains, one of the park’s magnificent vistas include dozens of enormous craters carved dramatically into rolling green hills, panoramic views of the Kazinga Channel with its banks lined with hippos, buffalo and elephants, and the endless Ishasha plains, whose fig trees hide lions ready to pounce on herds of unsuspecting Uganda kob.The park has an interesting cultural history which creates opportunities for visitors to meet the local communities, and enjoy storytelling, dance, music and more. The gazetting of the park has ensured the conservation of its ecosystems, which in turn benefits the surrounding communities. Along with kyambura and Kigezi wildlife resource brings together the most diverse ecosystem in Africa. Thousands of hippos populate these water shores. Open savannah dotted with acacia and euphobia trees provide habitat for, leopardsm, elephants, lions, Uganda Safari kobs, in addition to big herds of buffaloes. The park also harbors primate species which include chimpanzees and monkeys, Waterbucks, giant forest hog, topi, hyenas, and crocodiles are among the many animals distinguished frequently in Queen Elizabeth national park.
Kibale National park stands as one of the most attractive national parks in Uganda with tropical rainforest, and a multiplicity of animals. The park is a home of most of Uganda’s chimpanzees and more than 1,450 are protected inside the park. At Kanyanchu, a community chimpanzee has been habituated for 16 years. This gives tourists a chance to see the great apes in their natural environment at this exclusive Uganda safaris. Threatened red colobus monkeys and the rare I’hoesti monkey are found in the park. At the same time the forest has one of the highest diversity and density of primates in Africa
Lake Mburo national park is one of Uganda’s smallest national park. It is situated in Kiruhura district of Western Uganda and was designated in 1982, and. The park contains an entire lake. The attractive acacia-dotted savanna which is about 158 square miles is home to huge herds of impala, as well as uncommon topi, eland, klipspringer and other antelope. Other animals found in the park include Zebras, buffaloes, while birds include Crested Francolin, Emerald-spotted Wood Dove, Brown Parrot, Barefaced Go-away bird, Rednecked Spur, common Quails, Black-billed Barbet, Greenwood Hoopoe, Blue-napped Mouse bird, Lilac-breasted Roller, African-grey Hornbill, Nubian Woodpecker, Trilling Cisticola, bee-eaters and the cheeky bronze-tailed starling, as well as the majestic crowned crane.
Mountain Rwenzori National park is positioned on Mountain Rwenzori mountain.Rwenzori is the highest mountain in Uganda. The central hike circuit takes six nights or seven days and reaches an altitude of 14,000ft (4,267m) above the sea level. The conditions on the mountain are a challenge to even an experienced hiker. The first foreigner to climb it was an Italian, a hundred years back. It was in 1906 when Luigi Amadeodi Savoy duke of the Abruzzi climbed to the top of the mountain and last year 2006 the Ugandans and Italians celebrated the hundred years since the first foreigner reached on top of Mt. Rwenzori. A trip into the Rwenzori is an exhilarating and rewarding experience but it has to be well planned.
Mgahinga gorilla national park is considered as the smallest park in the country with about 38 sq km.The park is situated in south western Uganda, in Kisoro district. The park is very important as it is one of the two parks in Uganda that are habitat for the endangered mountain gorillas. This park was gazetted in 1999 and is part of the virunga conservation area. This park adjoins Rwanda’s volcano, and the democratic republic of Congo’s virunga national parks. Mgahinga gorilla national park experiences two wet seasons in the year that is February to May, and September to December.
Kidepo Valley Park is one of Uganda’s most spectacular parks. This national park is 1,442 square kilometers. Kidepo harbors scenery that cannot be found in any other parks in east Africa Kidepo is tucked into the corner of Uganda’s boarder with Sudan and Kenya.
Semliki National Park is also known sometimes as the Toro Reserve, lies near the northern base of the Ruwenzori is in Uganda. The rich habitat of grassland, savannah, forest and wetland is home to diverse fauna, in addition to 400 bird species and 300 butterfly species.
Mount Elgon National Park has an extinct volcano that first erupted more than 24 million years ago. With the largest surface area of any extinct volcano in the world (50 km by 80 km).